Analysis of Lightning Arrester Overloading in Future Distribution Systems with Distributed Generation
MetadataShow full item record
The objective of this thesis is to address an issue that arises from the increasing penetration of distributed energy resources in future power systems: the design and analysis of protective devices with more complex topology and power flow patterns. In particular, this thesis investigates lightning arrester overloading and failure from fault-induced overvoltages. Currently, in existing literature and industry practice, there does not exist a readily practical and sufficiently accurate method to determine the magnitude of a fault-induced overvoltage. Thus, the length of time from the fault inception until the lightning arresters fail is unknown, forcing utility companies to assume the worst case scenario and install more costly and complex protection schemes than otherwise needed. In this thesis, the Thevenin Equivalent Impedance method is proposed to analyze a distributed generation (DG) source’s effect on the transformer high side voltage. After examining the voltage transients and determining the magnitude of the overvoltage, an optimal and cost-effective protective relaying strategy is developed and implemented. To complete this study, various types of DG sources were modeled and simulated using two test systems. Finally, the implementation of the suggested solution of intentional islanding operation of the distribution system is discussed. This solution allows the DG source to continue to supply a portion of the distribution system’s load, thereby increasing the reliability of the system.
Thevenin Equivalent Circuit
Snodgrass, Jonathan Michael (2016). Analysis of Lightning Arrester Overloading in Future Distribution Systems with Distributed Generation. Master's thesis, Texas A & M University. Available electronically from