The full text of this item is not available at this time because the student has placed this item under an embargo for a period of time. The Libraries are not authorized to provide a copy of this work during the embargo period, even for Texas A&M users with NetID.
Design of Highly Efficient Analog-To-Digital Converters
MetadataShow full item record
The demand of higher data rates in communication systems is reflected in the constant evolution of communication standards. LTE-A and WiFi 802.11ac promote the use of carrier aggregation to increase the data rate of a wireless receiver. Recent DTV receivers promote the concept of full band capture to avoid the implementation of complex analog operations such as: filtering, equalization, modulation/demodulation, etc. All these operations can be implemented in a robust manner in the digital domain. Analog-to-Digital Converters (ADCs) are located at the heart of such architectures and require to have larger bandwidths and higher dynamic ranges. However, at higher data rates the power efficiency of ADCs tends to degrade. Moreover, while the scale of channel length in CMOS devices directly benefits the power, speed and area of digital circuits, analog circuits suffer from lower intrinsic gain and higher device mismatch. Thus, it has been difficult to design high-speed ADCs with low-power operation using traditional architectures without relying on increasingly complex digital calibration algorithms. This research presents three ADCs that introduce novel architectures to relax the specifications of the analog circuits and reduce the complexity of the digital calibration algorithms. A low-pass sigma delta ADC with 15 MHz of bandwidth is introduced. The system uses a low-power 7-bit quantizer from which the four most significant bits are used for the operation of the sigma delta ADC. The remaining three least significant bits are used for the realization of a frequency domain algorithm for quantization noise improvement. The prototype was implemented in 130 nm CMOS technology. For this prototype, the use of the 7-bit quantizer and algorithm improved the SNDR from 69 dB to 75 dB. The obtained FoM was 145 fJ/conversion-step. In a second project, the problem of high power consumption demanded from closed loop operational amplifiers operating at Giga hertz frequency is addressed. Especially the dependency of the power consumption to the closed loop gain. This project presents a low-pass sigma delta ADC with 75 MHz bandwidth. The traditional summing amplifier used for excess loop compensation delay is substituted by a summing amplifier with current buffer that decouples the power consumption dependency with the closed loop gain. The prototype was designed in 40 nm CMOS technology achieving 64.9 dB peak SNDR. The operating frequency was 3.2 GHz, the total power consumption was 22 mW and FoM of 106 fJ/conversion-step. In a third project, the same approach of decoupling the power consumption requirements from the closed loop gain is applied to a pipelined ADC. The traditional capacitive multiplying DAC used in the residual amplifier is substituted by a current mode DAC and a transimpedance amplifier. The prototype was implemented in 40 nm CMOS technology achieving 58 dB peak SNDR and 76 dB SFDR with 200 MHz sampling frequency. The ADC consumes 8.4 mW with a FoM of 64 fJ/Conversion-step.
continuous-time sigma-delta modulators
High resolution ADCs
Low power ADC
MASH ADC architectures
multi bit quantizer
Briseno Vidrios, Carlos Jesus (2016). Design of Highly Efficient Analog-To-Digital Converters. Doctoral dissertation, Texas A & M University. Available electronically from