Velocity Augmentation of a Supersonic Source and The Production of Slow, Cold, Molecular Beams
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In this thesis I describe the second generation of a rotating supersonic beam source. The purpose of this device is to produce velocity augmented molecular beams for use with scattering experiments or subsequent slowing methods. The beam emerges from a nozzle inserted at the tip of a hollow aluminum rotor which can be spun at high speeds in either the forward or backwards direction. The forward direction mode increases the laboratory frame velocity distribution of the emitted beam and the backward direction mode decreases this velocity distribution. Both rotor modes are analyzed theoretically and experimentally within the text. I introduce a pulsed gas inlet system for the rotating source as well as cryocooling of the vacuum chamber. This new version provides moderately intense beams of slow molecules, containing ∼1012 molecules at lab speeds as low as 35 m/s, and very intense beams of fast molecules, containing ∼1015 molecules at 400 m/s. Beams of any molecule available in gas phase can be produced utilizing this system. For collision experiments, the ability to scan the velocity utilizing the rotating source is very advantageous when using two merged beams. If the two velocities can be closely matched, very low relative collision energies can be produced without making either beam slow.
Sheffield, Les (2015). Velocity Augmentation of a Supersonic Source and The Production of Slow, Cold, Molecular Beams. Doctoral dissertation, Texas A & M University. Available electronically from