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dc.creatorGorman, Dennis M.
dc.date.accessioned2014-05-15T21:28:05Z
dc.date.available2014-05-15T21:28:05Z
dc.date.issued2013-11-22
dc.identifier.citationGorman DM. Flexibility in Design, Outcomes and Analysis in “Evidence-Based” Drug Prevention Research: The Case of the Midwestern Prevention Project. J Addiction Prevention. 2013;1(3): 8.en_US
dc.identifier.issn2330-2178
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/151976
dc.description.abstractFlexibility in study designs, definitions, outcomes and analytic models increases the chance that the results reported in an empirical study are untrue. Such flexibility in methodological and analytic practices has been observed in evaluations of a number of drug prevention programs that appear on lists of evidenced-based programs. The current paper examines the evidence base pertaining to one of the most well-established drug prevention programs, namely the Midwestern Prevention Project (MPP; also known as Project STAR). Specifically, it examines the results reported from the quasiexperimental evaluation of the MPP that was conducted in Kansas City and the experimental replication conducted in Indianapolis, Indiana, and the data analysis practices used in producing these findings. It shows there is considerable analytical flexibility evident in the published accounts from these two evaluations studies, notably in the samples used in the data analyses and the manner in which outcome variables were measured. The implications of this for the MPP’s status as an evidenced-based drug prevention program are discussed, along with the means by which flexibility in analytic procedures in drug prevention research could be reduced. The seemingly widespread existence of such analytic flexibility within the field suggests that confirmation bias is part of the general culture of drug prevention research. This impedes the development of a sound scientific base within the discipline and might even lead it to degenerate into a pseudoscience.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThe open access fee for this work was funded through the Texas A&M University Open Access to Knowledge (OAK) Fund.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherAvens Publishing Groupen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJournal of Addiction & Prevention;Vol.:1, Issue:3
dc.subjectDrug Prevention Programsen_US
dc.subjectAlcoholen_US
dc.subjectCigarettesen_US
dc.subjectMarijuanaen_US
dc.subjectAnalytic Flexibilityen_US
dc.subjectCommunity-based Prevention Programsen_US
dc.subjectEvidence-based Practiceen_US
dc.titleFlexibility in Design, Outcomes and Analysis in “Evidence- Based” Drug Prevention Research: The Case of the Midwestern Prevention Projecten_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
local.departmentOtheren_US
dc.rights.requestablefalseen_US


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