On The Analysis of Spatially-Coupled GLDPC Codes and The Weighted Min-Sum Algorithm
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This dissertation studies methods to achieve reliable communication over unreliable channels. Iterative decoding algorithms for low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes and generalized LDPC (GLDPC) codes are analyzed. A new class of error-correcting codes to enhance the reliability of the communication for high-speed systems, such as optical communication systems, is proposed. The class of spatially-coupled GLDPC codes is studied, and a new iterative hard- decision decoding (HDD) algorithm for GLDPC codes is introduced. The main result is that the minimal redundancy allowed by Shannon’s Channel Coding Theorem can be achieved by using the new iterative HDD algorithm with spatially-coupled GLDPC codes. A variety of low-density parity-check (LDPC) ensembles have now been observed to approach capacity with iterative decoding. However, all of them use soft (i.e., non-binary) messages and a posteriori probability (APP) decoding of their component codes. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first system that can approach the channel capacity using iterative HDD. The optimality of a codeword returned by the weighted min-sum (WMS) algorithm, an iterative decoding algorithm which is widely used in practice, is studied as well. The attenuated max-product (AttMP) decoding and weighted min-sum (WMS) decoding for LDPC codes are analyzed. Applying the max-product (and belief- propagation) algorithms to loopy graphs are now quite popular for best assignment problems. This is largely due to their low computational complexity and impressive performance in practice. Still, there is no general understanding of the conditions required for convergence and/or the optimality of converged solutions. This work presents an analysis of both AttMP decoding and WMS decoding for LDPC codes which guarantees convergence to a fixed point when a weight factor, β, is sufficiently small. It also shows that, if the fixed point satisfies some consistency conditions, then it must be both a linear-programming (LP) and maximum-likelihood (ML) decoding solution.
iterative hard-decision decoding
linear programming decoding
Jian, Yung-Yih (2013). On The Analysis of Spatially-Coupled GLDPC Codes and The Weighted Min-Sum Algorithm. Doctoral dissertation, Texas A & M University. Available electronically from