Use of Disinfectants and Cleaners to Reduce Bacteria on Poultry Transportation Coops with a Compressed Air Foam System
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Poultry transport coops are rarely washed and demonstrate to be a major point of broiler carcass contamination. Our laboratory hypothesized that foaming disinfectants and cleaners commonly used within processing plants may be used to clean and disinfect poultry transport coops. The objective of this study was to evaluate treatments consisting of a low-pressure water rinse (LPWR), a foaming additive alone, foaming cleaner or peroxyacetic acid with a foaming additive to reduce bacteria on broiler transport coops. A high-pressure water rinse (HPWR) applied prior to and following treatments was also evaluated. Homogenized feces was evenly applied to the floors of pre-cleaned transport coops and allowed to dry. The first study used fresh layer feces and evaluated the treatments ability to reduce aerobic bacteria from the manure. The second study added a HPWR step to determine whether this technique would reduce bacteria. In the third study, Salmonella Typhimurium was added to the homogenized fecal slurry to evaluate how effectively these methods reduce aerobic bacteria and Salmonella on coop surfaces. The field study utilized laboratory treatments proven to be most effective on freshly soiled broiler integrator coops. All foaming treatments were applied using a compressed air foam system (CAFS) using a 1 inch fire hose. Ten minutes post-treatment, all surfaces were rinsed with a LPWR for 30 seconds to remove residual disinfectant. Samples were collected from the transport coops prior to and following treatments utilizing a flame sterilized 5 x 5 cm stainless steel template and a gauze swab pre-applied with buffered peptone water. All samples were stomached, serially diluted, spread plated onto agar plates, incubated for 24 h at 37° C and enumerated. The foam cleaner and peroxyacetic acid with a foam additive significantly reduced (P < 0.05) aerobic bacteria up to 4.84 to 5.17 logs, respectively when compared to the LPWR. The addition of a HPWR following product application significantly reduced bacteria on integrator coops, in the field study, but didn’t improve efficacy of our treatments in laboratory trials. These data suggest that a CAFS may be used in combination with disinfectants and cleaners to reduce bacteria on poultry transport coops.
Hinojosa-Garza, Carolee A. (2013). Use of Disinfectants and Cleaners to Reduce Bacteria on Poultry Transportation Coops with a Compressed Air Foam System. Master's thesis, Texas A & M University. Available electronically from