n-3 PUFA and Curcumin Modulate the Resolution of Murine Intestinal Inflammtion
Bioactive food components containing n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and curcumin modulate multiple determinants that link inflammation to cancer initiation and progression. In this dissertation, both transgenic and dietary mouse models were used to elucidate the effect of n-3 PUFA and curcumin treatment on murine intestinal inflammation. Specifically, fat-1 transgenic mice, which convert endogenous n-6 PUFA to n-3 PUFA in multiple tissues, exhibited a reduced number of colonic adenocarcinomas per mouse (1.05 plus/minus 0.29 versus 2.12 plus/minus 0.51, P = 0.033), elevated apoptosis (P = 0.03), and a decrease in n-6 PUFA–derived eicosanoids compared with wild-type (wt) mice in an azoxymethane (AOM) - dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) model. Following a 2-week recovery period after 5 days of DSS exposure, colonic inflammation and ulceration scores returned to pretreatment levels only in fat-1 mice. In addition, fat-1 vs wt mice exhibited decreased (P < 0.05) levels of CD3 , CD4 T helper, and macrophage cell numbers in the colon. The ability of n-3 PUFA to favorably modulate the resolution of intestinal inflammation in fat-1 mice was linked to an enhancement (P < 0.05) in the percentage of colonic lamina propria (cLP) CD4 FoxP3 cells and a decrease in both splenic and cLP Th17 cells (0.8 vs 1.2 percent in spleen, 1.4 vs 1.7 percent in colon) (P < 0.05) in fat-1 mice compared to wt. These results suggest that the antitumorigenic effect of n-3 PUFA may be mediated via its anti-inflammatory properties. The combined effect of n-3 PUFA and curcumin on DSS induced colitis was assessed in C57BL/6 mice. Addition of fish oil (FO) and/or curcumin to a corn oil (CO) based diet increased animal mortality compared to CO alone (P < 0.05). Consistently, following 1 or 2 cycles of DSS treatment, both dietary FO and curcumin promoted mucosal injury/ulceration compared to CO. However, compared to other diets, FO and curcumin combined feeding enhanced the resolution of chronic inflammation and suppressed (p < 0.05) a key inflammatory mediator, NF-kB, in colon mucosa. Mucosal microarray analysis revealed that dietary FO and curcumin differentially modulated the expression of genes induced by DSS treatment. These results suggest that dietary lipids and curcumin interact to regulate mucosal homeostasis and the resolution of chronic inflammation in the colon.
Jia, Qian 1980- (2011). n-3 PUFA and Curcumin Modulate the Resolution of Murine Intestinal Inflammtion. Doctoral dissertation, Texas A & M University. Available electronically from