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Cellular Transport of Prostaglandins in the Ovine Uterus
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In ruminants, prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2α) is released from the endometrium in a pulsatile pattern at the time of luteolysis. The luteolytic PGF2α pulses are transported from the uterus to the corpus luteum (CL) through the utero-ovarian plexus (UOP) to cause luteolysis. At the time of establishment of pregnancy, interferon tau (IFNT) secreted by the conceptus suppresses the pulsatile release of PGF2α and thereby rescues the CL and maintains its secretion of progesterone. However, basal concentrations of PGF2α are higher in pregnant ewes than in cyclic ewes. The pulsatile release of PGF2α likely requires selective carrier-mediated transport and cannot be supported by a simple diffusion mechanism. The molecular and functional aspects of carrier mediated transport of PGF2α from the uterus to the ovary through the utero- ovarian plexus (UOP) at the time of luteolysis and recognition/establishment of pregnancy are largely unknown ruminants. Results indicate that intrauterine inhibition of (PGT) prevents the pulsatile release of PGF2α independently of spatial expressions of estrogen receptor (ESR-1) and oxytocin receptor (OXTR) proteins by the endometrium at the time of luteolysis in sheep. PGT protein is expressed in the UOP during the estrous cycle and pharmacological inhibition of PGT prevents transport of luteolytic PGF2α pulse through the UOP in sheep. IFNT activates novel JAK-SRC-EGFR-RAS-RAF-ERK1/2-EGR-1 signaling modules in endometrial luminal epithelial (LE) cells and regulates PGT- mediated release of PGF2α through these novel cell-signaling pathways. IFNT stimulates ERK1/2 pathways in endometrial LE cells and inhibition of ERK1/2 inhibits IFNT action and restores spatial expression of OXTR and ESR-1 proteins in endometrial LE cells and restores endometrial luteolytic pulses of PGF2α in sheep. Collectively, the results of the present study provide the first evidence to indicate that transport of endometrial luteolytic PGF2α pulses from the uterus to the ovary through the UOP is controlled by a PGT-mediated mechanism in sheep, new mechanistic insight into molecular mechanisms regulating cellular and compartmental transport of PGF2α at the time of luteolysis, and new mechanistic understanding of IFNT action and release of PGF2α from the endometrial LE cells and thus opens a new arena of research in IFNT signaling and PGT function.
Subjectprostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2α)
prostaglandin transporter (PGT)
utero-ovarian plexus (UOP)
corpus luteum (CL)
interferon tau (IFNT)
Lee, Je Hoon (2013). Cellular Transport of Prostaglandins in the Ovine Uterus. Doctoral dissertation, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from