Models and Solution Approaches for Efficient Design and Operation of Wireless Sensor Networks
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Recent advancements in sensory devices are presenting various opportunities for widespread applications of wireless sensor networks (WSNs). The most distinguishing characteristic of a WSN is the fact that its sensors have nite and non-renewable energy resources. Many research e orts aim at developing energy e cient network topology and routing schemes for prolonging the network lifetime. However, we notice that, in the majority of the literature, topology control and routing problems are handled separately, thus overlooking the interrelationships among them. In this dissertation, we consider an integrated topology control and routing problem in WSNs which are unique type of data gathering networks characterized by limited energy resources at the sensor nodes distributed over the network. We suggest an underlying hierarchical topology and routing structure that aims to achieve the most prolonged network lifetime via e cient use of limited energy resources and addressing operational speci cities of WSNs such as communication-computation trade-o , data aggregation, and multi-hop data transfer for better energy e ciency. We develop and examine three di erent objectives and their associated mathematical models that de- ne alternative policies to be employed in each period of a deployment cycle for the purpose of maximizing the number of periods so that the network lifetime is prolonged. On the methodology side, we develop e ective solution approaches that are based on decomposition techniques, heuristics and parallel heuristic algorithms. Furthermore, we devise visualization tools to support our optimization e orts and demonstrate that visualization can be very helpful in solving larger and realistic problems with dynamic nature. This dissertation research provides novel analytical models and solution methodologies for important practical problems in WSNs. The solution algorithms developed herein will also contribute to the generalized mixed-discrete optimization problem, especially for the problems with similar characteristics.
Lin, Hui 1981- (2010). Models and Solution Approaches for Efficient Design and Operation of Wireless Sensor Networks. Doctoral dissertation, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from