A new mineralogical approach to predict coefficient of thermal expansion of aggregate and concrete
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A new mineralogical approach is introduced to predict aggregate and concrete coefficient of thermal expansion (CoTE). Basically, a modeling approach is suggested based on the assumption that the CoTE of aggregate and concrete can be predicted from the CoTE of their constituent components. Volume percentage, CoTE and elastic modulus of each constituent mineral phase are considered as input for the aggregate CoTE model, whereas the same properties for coarse aggregate and mortar are considered for the concrete CoTE model. Methods have been formulated to calculate the mineral volume percentage from bulk chemical analysis for different type of rocks commonly used as aggregates in Texas. The dilatometer testing method has been established to measure the CoTE of aggregate, pure minerals, and concrete. Calculated aggregate CoTE, based on the determined CoTE of pure minerals and their respective calculated volume percentages, shows a good resemblance with the measured aggregate CoTE by dilatometer. Similarly, predicted concrete CoTE, based on the calculated CoTE of aggregate and mortar and their respective volume percentages compares well with the measured concrete CoTE by dilatometer. Such a favorable comparison between predicted and measured CoTE provided a basis to establish the composite model to predict aggregate and concrete CoTE. Composite modeling will be useful to serve as a check of aggregate source variability in terms of quality control measures and improved design and quality control measures of concrete.
Neekhra, Siddharth (2004). A new mineralogical approach to predict coefficient of thermal expansion of aggregate and concrete. Master's thesis, Texas A&M University. Texas A&M University. Available electronically from