Dependence of the intrinsic spin-Hall effect on spin-orbit interaction character RID B-5617-2009
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We report on a comparative numerical study of the spin-Hall conductivity in two dimensions for three different spin-orbit interaction modelsthe standard k-linear Rashba model, the k-cubic Rashba model that describes two-dimensional hole systems, and a modified k-linear Rashba model in which the spin-orbit coupling strength is energy dependent. Numerical finite-size Kubo formula results indicate that the spin-Hall conductivity of the k-linear Rashba model vanishes for frequency omega much smaller than the scattering rate tau(-1), with first-order relative fluctuations surviving out to large system sizes. For the k-cubic Rashba model case, the spin-Hall conductivity does not depend noticeably on omega tau and is finite in the dc limit, in agreement with experiment. For the modified k-linear Rashba model the spin-Hall conductivity is noticeably omega tau dependent but approaches a finite value in the dc limit. We discuss these results in the light of a spectral decomposition of the spin-Hall conductivity and associated sum rules, and in relation to a proposed separation of the spin-Hall conductivity into skew-scattering, intrinsic, and interband vertex correction contributions.