Style and substance: Franklin D. Roosevelt and U.S.-French relations, 1938-1942
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Historians of American diplomatic history during the Roosevelt administration have long debated whether President Roosevelt tricked Americans into the Second World War. Historians have looked at the personalities of Roosevelt and his key advisors to see if a hidden agenda was followed. U.S.-French relations highlight this divide. Did Roosevelt conspire in the fall of France, as the conspiratorialists claim, or did he simply react? With most historians focusing on Roosevelt himself, few have examined the systemic causes of America's failure to aid France. This study investigates how Roosevelt's style of governance and administration affected American foreign policy toward France. It concludes that the system of foreign-policy-making Roosevelt established made the outcome of American policy toward France-in particular the fall of France in 1940-nearly inevitable.
Baird, Clayton Ray (2004). Style and substance: Franklin D. Roosevelt and U.S.-French relations, 1938-1942. Master's thesis, Texas A&M University. Texas A&M University. Available electronically from